Paris the city of light

Paris the city of light Paris is the capital of France and its most populous city. Capital of the region of the Isle of France (or "Parisian Region"), it is constituted in the only uni-departmental commune of the country. It is located on both banks of a long meander of the Seine River, in the center of the Parisian basin, between the confluence of the Marne River and the Seine, upstream, and the Oise and the Seine, downstream. The city of Paris, within its narrow administrative limits, has a population of 2 273 305 inhabitants in 2015.2 However, in the twentieth century, the metropolitan area of Paris expanded beyond the limits of the municipality of Paris, and is today in day, with a population of 12 405 426 inhabitants in 2013, the second metropolitan area of the European continent (after London) and the 28th in the world. The Paris region is together with that of London, one of the most important economic centers of Europe. With 607 billion euros (845 billion dollars), it produced more than a quarter of France's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011. La Défense is the main business district in Europe, hosts the headquarters of almost half of the large French companies, as well as the headquarters of twenty of the 100 largest in the world. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries together with the city of London, Paris was the center of development of architectural projects within the framework of the Industrial Revolution and its famous exhibitions. Examples are: the Mercado de la Madeleine, in 1824; the Great Halles started in 1853, the Galerie des Machines and the Eiffel Tower both made in the Paris exhibition of 1889. It is also known as the "Light City" (the Ville lumière), it is the most popular tourist destination in the world, with more than 42 million foreign visitors per year. It has many of the most famous and admired monuments of the world: the Eiffel Tower, the Notre Dame Cathedral, the Avenue des Champs Elysees, the Arc de Triomphe, the Basilica of the Sacré Cœur, the Palace of the Invalides, the Pantheon, the Arc de la Defense, the Garnier Opera or the Montmartre district, among others. It also houses world-renowned institutions: the Louvre, the Musée d'Orsay and the National Museum of Natural History of France, as well as an extensive system of higher education of international prestige. Paris occupies an important place in the field of culture, gastronomy, fashion and luxury. Paris has many nicknames, the most famous of which is "City of Light" (la Ville Lumière), a name that refers to its fame as a center of arts and education, but also (and perhaps for the same reason) ) to its early adoption of urban lighting. The climate of Paris is oceanic semicontinental (also called «climate of transition»). Temperatures in summer can occasionally exceed 30 ° C, although they rarely exceed 35 ° C. The twentieth century began with the inauguration of the first line of the Paris Metro, whose works had begun in 1898. During the mandates of General De Gaulle from 1958 to 1969, several political events took place in the capital. In 1961, a demonstration in favor of the independence of Algeria was violently repressed. Under the administration of President François Mitterrand, in the 1980s and early 90s, the city received a renewed boost in its urbanism and infrastructure. Depressed sectors of the city were renewed, particularly in neighborhoods on the left bank and in the La Villette neighborhood; new emblematic buildings were erected, such as the new national library, the Arche de la Défense and the Musée d'Orsay; and access to the Louvre Museum was renewed. Paris is the center of a metropolitan area with 12,292,895 inhabitants (2011), the first in the European Union. The Avenue des Champs Elysees, which has been called "the most beautiful avenue in the world", is one of the main shopping streets of Paris. Paris has been a relevant cultural and artistic center in Western history. Fuente:

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